Regional barometer 2022: the relationship of the state with the Mapuche people, crime and unemployment are perceived axes in La Araucanía


The results of the 2022 Regional Barometer carried out in La Araucanía were presented. The activity jointly organized by the Center for Public Policies of the Catholic University of Temuco (CPP-UCT) and the Institute for Local and Regional Development of the Universidad de la Frontera (IDER- UFRO). UCT extension.

With the presence of the Rector of the UCT, Aliro Bórquez, and the Director of Analysis and Institutional Development of the UFRO, Fabiola Ramos, we went to the presentation of the results. In addition, the directors of the CPP-UCT, Cristian Quiroz, and of the IDER-UFRO, Camilo Rosas, participated in the initiative, together with the professionals in charge of the survey, such as Emilio Moya Díaz, researcher of the CPP and associate professor at the UCT . .

Also noted among the guests were Government Ministers, Verónica López-Videla, Minister of Labor and Social Welfare, Claudia Tapia and Minister of the Treasury, Ronald Kliebs, along with academics from both houses of study and the media.

The results

The Barometer of La Araucanía was carried out between August 12 and September 3, 2022 with 465 people from the region, where 70% correspond to people from municipalities other than Temuco.

Among the results that most attracted the attention of the participants were those related to the perception of the main problems of the region, where the three most mentioned options were: relationship between the Chilean people and the Mapuche, crime and unemployment.

They also highlighted the important role played by regional media, universities, the executive and local governments in terms of perception of the contribution to regional development.

Regarding these results, the rector of the UCT, Aliro Bórquez, stressed that “we have a great responsibility, together with other institutions, such as the media, to build an agenda on how to publicize what is being done. In this sense, we must make the necessary coordination to be able to contribute so that the inhabitants of our region feel part and integrated with the different processes that we are developing”, said the rector.

Another aspect that caught the attention of the Analysis and Institutional Development Director of UFRO, Fabiola Ramos, is the low recognition that exists for the person of the Regional Governor, which has reached 91.3% of people who do not know him. “I think that as a University we have a very important task together with the Regional Council, which is to be able to make people understand the role of the Governor and what his scope is. I believe that this ignorance is due to the fact that this policy was thought up in Santiago and has been replicated in all regions of the country and it is probably necessary to understand how a Governor presents himself in a region like this, where he is not from the party of the current government but this has not prevented us from working in an articulated way”, he underlined.

The seremis present at the activity, in addition to thanking the invitation and underlining the work carried out by the territorial university study centers (CPP and IDER), have assured that they will take into account the results of the work that is already being carried out.

Perception of the relationship between the state and the Mapuche people

The academic and researcher, Emilio Moya, detailed in his presentation some of the results obtained, especially in relation to the perception of the Chilean-Mapuche socio-cultural conflict.

Within the data presented by the researcher, he highlighted that the people interviewed associate indigenous claims with three issues: the defense of native culture, the defense of ancestral territories and terrorism. The results also indicated that regarding the future of the so-called conflict between the Chilean state and the Mapuche people, the perception is that 48.4% will be bad and 34.3% say it will be neither good nor bad.

Another of the results highlighted by the academic was the one which reveals that 88.8% of the people questioned believe that the level of conflict observed between groups in the region is between forest companies and Mapuche communities, followed by 88, 6% for the communities and the State and in third place the Carabineros and the Mapuche communities.

To the above, the director of the CPP-UCT, Cristian Quiroz, underlined that, “in general, the results of the Regional Barometer allow us to have relevant and local information that can be very useful, among other things, for the new process constituent. The same previous mistakes cannot be made and the voice of the Regions and the people must be listened to, for example, with these results and with others that can be obtained throughout the country”, concluded the director of the CPP-UCT who took the word opportunity to invite those present and the community in general to participate in the seminar “Rethinking the public policies of La Araucanía” which will be held this Thursday, December 1st.

For further details on the activity and the results obtained, it can be accessed through the website https://politicaspublicas.uct.cl/

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