A researcher from the University of Chile will analyze the impact of climate change on public policies, Casa de Bello said.
The project, entitled “The climate control of public policies in Chile”, will be led by Antoine Maillet, academic of the Faculty of Government and member of the Center for Climate Science and Resilience (CR)2, and will be developed in collaboration with the academic of the Diego Portales University, Aldo Madariaga. The initiative will be implemented within a period of three years and aims to recognize which factors influence the process of incorporating climate change into public policies in Chile.
Occupying an increasingly preponderant place on the national and global public policy agenda, climate change requires research and interventions that provide answers and solutions associated with its mitigation and adaptation.
According to the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the effects of this phenomenon affect all humanity and drastic measures are needed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and limit global warming to 1.5 °C compared to pre-industrial levels.
The survey will be conducted from 2022 to 2024 and is projected along two axes. The first focuses on the analysis of public policies in a specific sector, addressing the climate emergency in some spaces, such as the policies of the Ministry of the Environment and the contribution of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to climate issues. Professor Maillet argues that these actors are the ones who have taken on climate change by installing it.
“They are the ones who go to the COP and work on the Fixed Contributions on the voluntary commitments that Chile has made to reduce greenhouse gas emissions,” he says.
Within the second axis, on the other hand, the process of transformation that public policies have undergone in traditional sectors and which, following climate change, have had to modify their guidelines, such as electricity policies and use of water. In this direction, says the researcher, the project will deepen the analysis of the “air conditioning” of public water and energy policies, since “these policies have been impacted and have been reformulated as a result of climate change”.
Climate change: a challenge for humanity
The Conference of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP27) was held between 6 and 18 November. The instance summoned 198 countries, represented by authorities and specialists in the sector under the slogan “Together for implementation”. During this release, the panel sought to take actions that would allow for the progress foreseen in the Paris Agreement in 2015, hoping to limit the increase in the planet’s surface temperature to 1.5 ºC.
COP27 culminated in the agreement to create a fund to help the countries most vulnerable to climate change who are faced with earthquakes, hurricanes, floods or other phenomena. At future meetings, criteria for defining which countries fall into the category and how the fund will be financed should be agreed. On the other hand, one of the outstanding issues at the summit is the commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, which are largely generated by the richest countries, such as the United States and China.
In the context of these global challenges, Professor Maillet states that “COP27 demands that the country continue to advance in the area of climate change and this research project contributes because Chile has a leadership position worldwide, particularly in solar public energy policies”. In this way, the interdisciplinary study promoted by the Faculty of Government is in line with global challenges, as it seeks to contribute to scientific dissemination, expanding the arrival of knowledge to society on public policies relating to the use of water and energy electric.
The results of the research will be presented next year in seminars, academic conferences and two articles in indexed journals to contribute to the debate on the prioritization or modification of public policies implemented in renewable energy and on the use of water as a fundamental good for the country .
In the service of the Government of Chile
In June 2022, Casa de Bello transformed the Institute of Public Affairs into the Faculty of Government. This new institutionality seeks to contribute to national governance through the contribution of a broad multidisciplinary academic capacity of excellence in research, reflection, debate, teaching, among others.
The dean of the Faculty of Government, Leonardo Letelier, highlighted the lines of action developed by space. “We must continue to be relevant in the national and international academic debate, betting on being recognized as points of reference,” he says.
The space consists of the School of Government and Public Management, where subsequent careers in Public Administration and Political Science are taught, then there is the Graduate School, which dictates master’s programs in Political Science; in government and public management; in Criminology and citizen safety management; and in regional and local management and development. The academic unit also has centers for citizen safety studies and public policy analysis, specializing in environmental and energy issues.